At one point or another, we all have to perform jury duty. But when it comes to getting out of jury duty, each of the states has its own guidelines about what is a “legitimate” excuse for skipping this responsibility.
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Also, federal courts have various exemption guidelines compared to state courts. With these facts in mind, you should first find out about these guidelines before you make your jury duty excuse letter.
Jury Duty Excuse Letters
As you plan to make a getting out of jury letter, do some research about the rules of exemption in your state. These rules may also include guidelines for writing the letter and giving your reason for avoiding jury duty. Let’s explore more about this letter.
What is jury duty?
Jury duty is a responsibility assigned to an individual when he gets summoned to local, state or federal court to serve on a jury. The courts provide questionnaires to individuals to find out more about them and their qualifications. From there, they randomly choose individuals for different cases.
If you want to qualify for jury duty, you must be at least 18 years of age, a citizen of the United States of America, and you must have lived in the judicial district for a year. Also, you should understand the English language. Aside from these qualifications, you should have no disqualifying physical or mental conditions, and you should not have experienced conviction from any felony charge.
Jury Duty Excuse Templates
What are the reasons for writing a jury duty excuse letter?
Courts normally make their decisions on a case-to-case basis. Therefore, there’s no standard format for a jury duty excuse letter. The different courts allow varying excuses for those who want to get out of jury duty. You should know and understand these excuses if you plan to excuse yourself from this responsibility. For instance, in federal courts, your excuse may get accepted if:
- You’re over 70 years old.
- You’ve already served on a federal jury in the past 2 years.
- You serve as an emergency staff member such as a firefighter or an ambulance crew.
- You’re currently in a state of “extreme inconvenience” or “undue hardship.”
If any of these situations apply to you, then you may write a letter to avoid jury duty. But you may have to back up your claims by attaching supporting documents such as your birth certificate or your financial records.
For local or state courts, the excuses may vary, and each court has their own set of rules and guidelines. Generally, though, the excuses should detail a medical, work-related, family-related or financial issue. These are the ones which have the highest chance of getting approved or accepted.
Jury Duty Excuse Samples
Jury duty excuse letter from an employer
There are times when an employer would have to write the getting out of jury duty letter, especially if it’s in conflict with the business. This is especially true for small businesses and when their employees need to miss several days of work because they have to serve jury duty.
If an employee receives a summon from the court and he doesn’t have a legitimate excuse to shirk this responsibility, then the employer may have to write the letter on his behalf. Before writing the letter, do some research on the guidelines and check whether or not there’s a chance that your excuse would get a positive response.
Employers can write the letter and address it to the court when absolutely necessary. Most of the time, they would have to do this if the summons comes at a bad time, like when the business is in the middle of a huge project. In this case, the employer would have to give an explanation in the letter of how the absence of the employee would affect the business significantly which, in turn, might lead to negative cash flow.
How to get out of jury duty?
In several countries including the US, the citizens have a responsibility to serve jury duty occasionally. But if this responsibility proves to be a hardship for someone, he may try to get out of it by writing a jury duty excuse letter. Do this instead of not showing up to scheduled jury duty as would prove to be more of an issue. If you know that you have a valid excuse for getting out of jury duty, then you should know the proper way to do so. Here are some steps to guide you:
- You should first prove that you’re undergoing economic hardship and serving jury duty would cause financial problems for you. However, only make use of this excuse only if there’s a truth behind it. This is because exemptions based on financial issues are very rare which means that you’d have to provide convincing proof when you use such an excuse.
- If you can’t make it on the date you’re given, then you can make a request for a change of date. This is a lot better than getting out of jury duty altogether. With your request, include an excuse for why you need a change of date or schedule.
- Here’s a tip if you want your schedule delayed further: request for a date sometime in December. That way, there’s a bigger chance of the trial getting moved or delayed because of the holidays. In the end, you might even get overlooked and never called in!
- Also, you may want to ask them to move your date up instead of back. This is another trick to use as there may not be a place for you at the jury. Then they will place your name at the end of their list and eventually, you might not have to serve jury duty at all.
- If you’re a student, you can use this as your excuse. This is especially true if you’re a full-time student and you also have a job. Check if your state excuses students or not before you write your letter.
- After doing a lot of research, you may find some loopholes which you can use as excuses in your getting out of jury excuse letter. But when using such excuses, always remain truthful because if you lie, you will get charged with perjury.
Writing an excuse letter isn’t the only way to avoid serving jury duty. There are also some cases where you would get dismissed from a jury. Of course, this isn’t an ideal situation. With the dismissal, you might even get other penalties. Here are some situations where you might get dismissed:
- If you claim that you aren’t able to maintain objectivity because of your principles and beliefs.
- If you act stubborn throughout the whole process and you act like you know everything even before you hear everything about the case.
- If you act smart, intelligent, and logical, this might make you a less desirable member of the jury, especially in the eyes of the court.
- If you state the right of a jury to “veto.” If you have jury duty and the judge asks you to swear to search for the verdict based only on the information presented in court, you may refuse to swear based on the right of a jury to “veto,” which is also known as “jury nullification.” Even though you have this right, judges and prosecutors usually don’t like it and may reject you if there’s any chance that you would use this right at any time.
- If you’re summoned to serve jury duty, ask about the legitimacy of the grand jury proceedings.
Tips for writing a jury duty excuse letter
Although some people look forward to serving jury duty, there are others who dread this responsibility. Instead of not showing up on your scheduled date, it’s better to write an official jury duty excuse letter and see if they accept your excuse. Fortunately, writing this letter doesn’t have to be a difficult task. Here are some tips to help you out:
- First of all, think of your excuse for skipping jury duty. Usually, the summons would come with guidelines on how you can make this letter and what reasons they consider legitimate.
- Take note of the exemption rules. Again, the summons would have a list of the rules for when you want to file an exemption. Pay special attention to the address where you have to send the letter as well as the deadline because if you miss these, you run the risk of missing your chance.
- Check if you need to follow a template for the letter. If there’s a standard template, use that. If not, you can use this jury duty excuse letter template too.
- If you’re good at writing letters, you may also use your own format. Just make sure that you’re still following all the set guidelines when you write the letter. You can find these guidelines on the summons or online.
- Before ending your letter, include all your contact details. Also, include your preferred contact method. This way, they can get in touch with you in case they accept or reject your excuse.
- Finally, before you print your letter out, proofread it. You can even ask someone else to proofread your letter in case you miss anything. Then keep a copy of the letter for yourself, in your files.